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宋城怀古 | 唐朝“开元名相”为端州写的诗,你读过吗?

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张说(667-730),唐代文学家、诗人、政治家。字道济,又字说之,洛州洛阳县人。自幼文笔锋健,才思敏捷,文学造诣高深。垂拱四年(688),武则天在东阳洛阳城南门主持万人科举考试,命吏部尚书李景谌考核策论。参与应诏对策为第一,授太子校书,迁左补阙。

坐忤旨配流钦州的张说

▲张说像

ZHANGSHUO(667-730),TANGDAIWENXUEJIA、SHIREN、ZHENGZHIJIA。ZIDAOJI,YOUZISHUOZHI,LUOZHOULUOYANGXIANREN。ZIYOUWENBIFENGJIAN,CAISIMINJIE,WENXUEZAOYIGAOSHEN。CHUIGONGSINIAN(688),WUZETIANZAIDONGYANGLUOYANGCHENGNANMENZHUCHIWANRENKEJUKAOSHI,MINGLIBUSHANGSHULIJINGCHENKAOHECELUN。CANYUYINGZHAODUICEWEIDIYI,SHOUTAIZIXIAOSHU,QIANZUOBUQUE。

▲武则天像

武则天(624-705),又名“曌”,并州文水县人。十四岁时,入后宫为唐太宗李世民的才人,赐号“媚娘”。唐高宗李治时,初为“昭仪”,后为“皇后”。尊号“天后”,与唐高宗并称“二圣”。弘道元年(683),唐高宗驾崩,唐中宗李显即位,临朝称制。天授元年(690)九月,罢黜唐睿宗李旦,自立为皇帝,成为中国沙吧体育平台历史上唯一一个正统的女皇帝。定洛阳为都,改称为“神都”,建立“武周王朝”。

沙吧体育平台WANSUITONGTIANERNIAN(697),ZAINVERTAIPINGGONGZHUDEYINJIANXIA,“NIANERSHIYU,BAIXIMEIZIRONG,SHANYINLVGECI”(《JIUTANGSHU·ZHANGXINGCHENGCHUAN》)DEZHANGYIZHI、“MIANSILIANHUA”(《JIUTANGSHU·YANGZAISICHUAN》)DEZHANGCHANGZONGXIONGDILIANG,XIANHOUJINJIANWUZETIAN。

NIANYUGUXIDEWUZETIANJIANDAOZHANGSHIXIONGDILIANGHOU,“SHENYUE”(《JIUTANGSHU·ZHANGXINGCHENGCHUAN》),TEBIEBEIJIACHONGAI。TAZAIWANNIAN“JUZHANGSHENGYUAN,ZAIXIANGBUDEJIANZHELEIRI,WEIZHANGYIZHI、ZHANGCHANGZONGSHICE”(《ZIZHITONGJIAN·JUANDIERBAIQI·TANGJIERSHISAN》),“ZHENGSHIDUOWEIYIZHIXIONGDI”(《JIUTANGSHU·ZHANGXINGCHENGCHUAN》)。

ZHANGSHIXIONGDILIANGDEDAOWUZETIANRUCICHONGAI,GENGSHIZHUANQUANBAHU,CHAOTINGBAIGUANWUBUJUZHI。

▲《三教珠英》

SHENGLIERNIAN(699),WUZETIANMINGZHANGSHUODENGSISHIQIMINGXUESHIBIANXIUDAXINGLEISHU《SANJIAOZHUYING》。

ZHANGANERNIAN(702),《SANJIAOZHUYING》XIUCHENG。ZHANGSHUORENYOUSHI、NEIGONGFENG,JIANZHIKAOGONGGONGJUSHI,HOUQIANFENGGESHEREN。

YINIAN,ZHANGSHIXIONGDILIANGWUXIANWEIYUANZHONGHESILICHENGGAOJIANMOUFAN,“TAIHOULAOYI,BURUOXIETAIZIWEIJIUZHANG”(《ZIZHITONGJIAN·JUANDIERBAIQI·TANGJIERSHISAN》)。WUZETIANQINZISHENWENWEIYUANZHONG、GAOJIAN,ZHANGSHUOBEIZHANGSHIXIONGDILIANGWEIBILIYOU,CHUANDAODIANQIANZUOZHENG。

ZHANGSHUOWEIRENZHENGZHI,DUNYIQI,ZHONGYANNUO。《JIUTANGSHU·ZHANGSHUOCHUAN》YUN:ZHANGSHUO“ZHIYUQIAN,YANGYANYUANZHONGSHIBUFAN,CIYIZHIWUGOUER。”

张说不但没有作伪证,反而揭露了张氏兄弟俩逼他诬陷魏元忠的真相。因没有“谋反”的真凭实据,张氏兄弟俩未敢杀掉魏元忠,而将魏元忠贬谪为端州高要县县尉,将高戬贬谪为端州长吏。

沙吧体育平台ZHANGSHUOYINCHUNUZHANGSHIXIONGDILIANGHEWUZETIAN,BEI“ZUOWUZHIPEILIUQINZHOU,ZAILINGWAISUIYU”(《JIUTANGSHU·ZHANGSHUOCHUAN》)。

BIANZHE,DUIYUSHIDAFULAISHUO,JUEDUISHIYICHANGZHENGZHIBEIJU。

沙吧体育平台BIANZHESHISHISHIDAFUBEIBIANZHEHOU,WEILEBIAODAZIJIDESIXIANGGANQINGERYINYONGDESHIZUO。

沙吧体育平台ZHANGSHUOZAIBEIBIANZHEQIJIAN,XIEXIADUOSHOUSHIZUO。

ZHANGANSANNIAN(703),ZHANGSHUOCONGLUOYANGCHENGYASONGDAOGUANGZHOU,ZAIYOUGUANGZHOUCHENGCHUANYANXIJIANGERSHANG。TAFUSHI《GUANGZHOUJIANGZHONGZUO》,SHUFALELIJINGJIANXINGJIANYUANDECHOUKUQINGHUAI。SHIYUN:

去国年方晏,愁心转不堪。

离人与江水,终日向西南。

张说、高戬两人同路来到端州,又要匆匆地作别。高戬留在端州,而张说还要继续前往钦州,只好作《端州沙吧体育平台别高六戬》诗话别。这首诗充满了浓重的伤别之情,流露出对朋友和自己未来命运莫测的忧虑。诗云:

异域同羁窜,途中喜共过。

愁多时举酒,劳罢或长歌。

南海风潮壮,西江瘴疠多。

於焉复分手,此别伤如何。

ZHANGSHUOCHENGCHUANYANXIJIANGERSHANG,JINGGUANGXIWUZHOU、TENGXIAN、BEILIUXIAN,DIDAQINZHOU。TADAODAQINZHOUSHI,ZHENGZHISUIMU,FUSHI《QINZHOUSHOUSUI》。SHIYUN:

故岁今宵尽,新年明旦来。

愁心随斗柄,东北望春回。

YASONGWANLIDESHIZHEYAOFANHUIJINGCHENGJIAOCHA,ZHANGSHUOZUO《LINGNANSONGSHI》SHISONGBIE。SHIYUN:

秋雁逢春返,流人何日归。

将余去国泪,洒子入乡衣。

饥狖啼相聚,愁猿喘更飞。

南中不可问,书此示京畿。

ZAI《LINGNANSONGSHIERSHOU》SHIZHONG,ZHANGSHUOLIULUCHUBEIFEN,QUEMEIYOUDISHENGXIAQIHEWEIQUQIUQING,XIANXIANLEWEIRENGANGZHENGBUADEXINGGE。

QIYIYUN:

狱中生白发,岭外罢红颜。

古来相送处,凡得几人还。

QIERYUN:

万里投荒裔,来时不见亲。

一朝成白首,看取报家人。

沙吧体育平台ZHANGSHUOYUGAOJIANTONGCHAOWEIGUAN,TONGSHIZAOSHOUBIANZHE,GANQINGSHENHOU。ZAIQINZHOUQIJIAN,ZHANGSHUOPODUOGANCHU,FUSHI《NANZHONGZENGGAOLIUJIAN》。SHIYUN:

北极辞明代,南溟宅放臣。

丹诚由义尽,白发带愁新。

鸟坠炎州气,花落洛水春。

平生歌舞席,谁忆不归人。

SHENLONGYUANNIAN(705)ZHENGYUE,ZAIXIANGZHANGJIANZHIFADONGBINGBIAN,ZHUSHAZHANGSHIXIONGDILIANG,YONGLITANGZHONGZONGLIXIANFUWEI。

▲唐中宗像

沙吧体育平台TANGZHONGZONG,JILIXIAN(656-710)。YUANMING“LIZHE”,TANGGAOZONGLIZHIDIQIZI,WUZETIANDISANZI。TANGWANGCHAODISIWEI、DILIUWEIHUANGDI,684NIAN、705-710NIANZAIWEI。XIANQINGERNIAN(657),FENGZHOUWANG。YIFENGERNIAN(677),GAIFENGYINGWANG。JINGLONGSINIAN(710),BEIWEIHOUDUSHA,ZANGYUDINGLING(JINSHANXIFUPINGXIANFENGHUANGSHAN)。

张说得赦返回京城,途中重临端州,得知曾经共患难的高戬已经与世长辞,写下《还至端州沙吧体育平台驿前,与高六别处》诗。这首诗饱含情感,追述了昔日相逢的深情,悲叹今日生死隔绝不可同归的遗憾,哀婉凄恻,情伤气惨,字字从心坎里流出,真挚地表达了对好友的悼念,读后使人喟然泪下。诗云:

旧馆分江日,凄然望落晖。

相逢传旅食,临别换征衣。

昔记山川是,今伤人代非。

往来皆此路,生死不同归。

ZAIFANHUIJINGCHENGDETUZHONG,ZHANGSHUOFUSHI《XIDULING》,XIYUEDEXINQINGYIYUYANBIAO。SHIYUN:

东汉兴唐历,南河复禹谋。

宁知瘴疠地,生入帝皇州。

雷雨苏虫蛰,春阳放学鸠。

洄沿炎海畔,登降闽山陬。

岭路分中夏,川源得上流。

见花便独笑,看草即忘忧。

自始居重译,天星已再周。

乡关绝归望,亲戚不相求。

弃杖枯还植,穷鳞涸更浮。

道消黄鹤去,运启白驹留。

江妾晨炊黍,津童夜棹舟。

盛明良可遇,莫后洛城游。

ZHANGSHUOFANHUIJINGCHENGHOU,ZHAOWEIBINGBUYUANWAILANG,SHENGBINGBUSHILANG,QIANGONGBUSHILANG。

沙吧体育平台JINGYUNYUANNIAN(710),TANGRUIZONGLIDANJIWEI。

TANGRUIZONG,JILIDAN(662-716),CHUMING“LIXULUN”,TANGGAOZONGLIZHIDIBAZI,WUZETIANDEYOUZI,TANGZHONGZONGLIXIANDETONGMUDI。CHUFENGYINWANG,RENJIZHOUDADOUDU。YISHENGLIANGDUDENGJI,ERRANGTIANXIA,ZAIWEISHIJIANWEIWENMINGYUANNIANZHIZAICHUERNIAN(684―690)HEJINGYUNYUANNIANZHIYANHEYUANNIAN(710―712)。ZU,ZANGYUQIAOLING(JINSHANXIPUCHENGXIANFENGSHAN)。

沙吧体育平台TANGRUIZONGJIWEIHOU,ZHANGSHUOQIANZHONGSHUSHILANGJIANYONGZHOU(ZHIJINSHANXIXIANSHIXIBEI)ZHANGSHI。YINIAN,JINTONGZHONGSHUMENXIAPINGZHANGSHI,BINGJIANXIUGUOSHI。

沙吧体育平台XIANTIANYUANNIAN(712),LILONGJIJIWEI,SHIWEI“TANGXUANZONG”。ZHANGSHUOYINBUFUTAIPINGGONGZHU,BEIBAZHITONGZHONGSHUMENXIAPINGZHANGSHI,BIANWEISHANGSHUZUOCHENG。

▲唐玄宗像

TANGXUANZONG,JILILONGJI(685-762),YICHENG“TANGMINGHUANG”,TANGRUIZONGLIDANDISANZI。TANGDAIHUANGDI,712-756NIANZAIWEI。JINGLONGSINIAN(710)LIUYUE,YUTAIPINGGONGZHULIANSHOUFADONG“TANGLONGZHENGBIAN”,ZHUSHAWEIHOU,LIWEITAIZI。YANHEYUANNIAN(712),TANGRUIZONGSHANWEI,JIDIWEI。BUJIU,TAIPINGGONGZHUYUFADONGGONGTINGZHENGBIAN。KAIYUANYUANNIAN(713),XIANFAZHIREN,TAIPINGGONGZHUBEICISI,JINZHUYUDANG。ZU,ZANGYUTAILING(JINSHANXIPUCHENGXIANJINSUSHANNAN)。

TANGXUANZONGZHUSHATAIPINGGONGZHUHOU,ZHANGSHUOBAIZHONGSHULING,FENGYANGUOGONG。HOULAI,BIANWEIXIANGZHOU(JINHENANANYANGSHI)、YUEZHOU(JINHUNANYUEYANGSHI)CISHI。

沙吧体育平台KAIYUANQINIAN(719),ZHANGSHUORENJIANXIAOBINGZHOUDADOUDUZHANGSHIJIANTIANBINGJUNDASHI,DAILIYUSHIDAFU。KAIYUANSHINIAN(722),RENSHUOFANGJIEDUDASHI。YINIAN,QIANZHONGSHULING。KAIYUANSHISANNIAN(725),SHOUJIXIANYUANXUESHI,ZHIYUANSHI。SHINIAN,QIANYOUCHENGXIANGJIANZHONGSHULING。

开元十七年(729),张说任尚书右丞相,授集贤院学士。不久,迁尚书左丞相,加封开府仪同三司。

YINIAN,ZHANGSHUOHUANBING,TANGXUANZONGLINGZHONGSHIMEITIANQIANWANGKANWANG,QIEYUSHUYAOFANGCIYU。

BUJIU,ZHANGSHUOBINGSHI,ZENGTAISHI,SHIHAO“WENZHEN”。TADE《MUZHIMING》YOUGONGBUSHILANGZHANGJIULINGZHUANXIE,ZHONGSHUSHERENLIANGSHENGQINGSHUDAN。

原文:

唐故尚书左丞相燕国公赠太师张公墓志铭并序

GONGBUSHILANG、JIXIANYUANXUESHENG、ZUSUNJIULINGZHUAN,CHAOYIDAFU、ZHONGSHUSHERENLIANGSHENGQINGSHU。

沙吧体育平台DATANGYOUTIANXIAYIBAIERSHISANNIAN,KAIYUANSHIYOUBAZAI,LONGJIGENGWUDONGSHIERYUEWUSHEN,KAIFUYITONGSANSI、SHANGSHUZUOCHENGXIANG、YANGUOGONGHONGYUWEI,XIANGNIANLIUSHISI。WUHU!AIZAI!HUANGDIDAOYAN,SUFUJUAI,FEICHAOSANRI,NAIXIAZHIZENGTAISHI,GAISHIFUZHIJIU,ENLIYOUJIAYE。ZHAOZANGXIANYUAN,SANGSHIYOURI,YOUTECIYUCI,BIAOZHANGWANYAN。GONGYIYOUWANGSHENZHIYONG,ZHONGWEISHEJIZHIWEI,WENWUKEXIANZHIZHENG。GONGHOUZUOHANZHIXUN,JIEYIZHAOZHAOYUTIAN,WENSUIYURIYUEZHENGGUANGKEYI。GONGHUISHUO,FANYANGFANGCHENGREN。JINSIKONGSHEWUGONGZHIYISUN,ZHOUTONGDAOGUANXUESHIHUIGEFUJUNZHICENGSUN,QINGZHOUJUNDUHUIKEFUJUNZHISUN,ZENGDANZHOUCISHI、XINGBUSHANGSHUHUIZHIFUJUNZHIJIZI。ZISHANGSHIJIQING,JIGONGERXIANGFA。SHENMINGSUOFU,DAODEWEISHU,SHENGYININGJI,YOUERXIUXIANG,YINGYANGHUSHI,YINGWEILEILUO。YUEZAIZHUSHENGZHIZHONG,YIYOUJUEYUNNIZHIWANGYI。CHU,TIANHOUCHENGCHAO,JUJUNGUOXIANLIANG,GONGSHIDAZHIMING,BAHUQICUIZHEYI。QIJIATAIZIXIAOSHU,QIYUZUOCHENGXIANG,GUANZHENGSISHIYOUYI,ERRENCHENZHIWEIJIYI。SHANGSHU,GUOZHILIBEN,GONGXIGENGZHI。ZHONGSHU,CHAOZHISHUMI,GONGJIZHANGZHI。XIUSHENGYUXIE,SHENGJIANGSHUSI。SHOUZHENGERJIANZHUZHEYI,YUKANERZUOQIANZHEER,QIYUZONGRONGYUWAI,WEIGUOZUOFAN,SUOPINGCHUZHE,WEIYOUBINGBINGJIEYUEERYI。ZHIRUOSANDENGZUO、YOUCHENGXIANG,SANZUOZHONGSHULING,TANGXINGYILAICHAOZUOMOBI。GAISHENGXIANZHIYUN,YOUHUISHICHENZHIDAOXING。RENSUIQIUDUO,WOMEIYUDI,XINXIANGZHIFA,FUWENZIJIU。YIQIYIDAISHENGHOU,SHIFANBAILIAO,GONGLIEGUOWURUSHEN,DESHENGCHUWUCHENGYI,CIGUYUBANZHUJUEQI,TUDIAOZUOHEZHILEI,YIBUYIYE。GONGZHIXUANYUANERXINGGAOLIANG,WEICHANGZIYI,HUIJIENAIYOULI,HESUOBUKETIDAOYIWEIZONG,JIDINGGUOWUYIYAN,YIBAOSHENZHI。YAQIWUJINGLISHIWU,ZAYIJUNGUOHONGSHI,RULIUYINGWU,RUXIANGFENLUN,FUCOUQIYOUZHIZHANG。JIFUXIANSHENGWEIZHI,JIGUWEIFU,QUEWENBIBU,ZHUILIXIANZHEN,YUJINGJIWEISHENGHUANG,YUCHAOTINGWEIFENZE,GUBUKEXIANGERZAIYE。SHIGONGZHICONGSHI,SHIYIYIWENERFENGYALINGYI,YISHUBAINIANYI。SHIDUOLIYIBINLUO,WENRENYONGYIN,DIAOCHONGJUWOSHENGQI。QIUMINGYOUCHIZIYUNBUWEI,NAIWEIZHIZONGJIANGSUOZUOWANGBAJINZAI。JIGONGDAYONG,JIANGHOULAI,TIANJIANGYIGONGWEIMUDUOYI。SIWENQISANG,ERJINYEZEWANG。WUHU!KESHENGYIFUSHI,ERCHENDAOBUJIUZHIYONG,YILIWUERRENJIANGANYANG,SHANGFUCHUANGYINIAN,WANGXIACHUOXIANGERAI,ZHIFUJIANZHIWUGONGYAN。TAICHANGYIXING,SHIYUE“WENZHEN”。ERSHINIANQIUBAYUEJIASHEN,QIANBIANWUWANANSHANZHIYANG,YANGUOFURENYUANSHIFUYAN。FURENGUSHANGSHUYOUCHENGXIANG、WULINGGONGHUAISHENZHINVYE,DONGWEIROUFAN,JIEKESHIXUN。JIGONGZHIGUI,LIANYINDISHI。SUICHURONGSHENG,RUOFEIZAISI,NEIZHIQIANXIA,WAIMUQINSHU。GUZHIXIANMING,WEISHIJIANYOU。

KAIYUANSHIJIUNIANSANYUERENXU,HONGYUDONGDOUKANGSULIDI,XIANGNIANLIUSHISI。ZHANGZIJUN,ZHONGSHUSHEREN。CIYUEJI,FUMADOUWEI、WEIWEIQING。JIYUEJIAO,FUBAOLANG。QIXUEZAIJIU,JIEWOZHIYOUHOUYE。WUHU!XUANTANGYONGBI,HESHICHUNQIU,YOUZHUANSIZAI,YIYUNBUXIUERYI。MINGYUE:

TIANYOUMIMING,ZIYEBAIBAO。

SHIWUDAXIAN,SHEIYUMINGDAO。

WOGONGYUNYE,WODEKONGZHAO。

HANFEILITIAN,YUYIQINGCHAO。

GONGSUISHENXIE,MINGYOUBINMEI。

YANERYOULI,GUWUBUSI。

NANSHANZHIXIA,ZHAOZANGYUZI。

HOUZHIYUGUI,SHEIWOTAISHI。

沙吧体育平台FUZHOUSANCHUANXIANCHENGWEILINGHEKEZI。

沙吧体育平台ZHANGSHUO“QIANHOUSANBINGDAZHENG,ZHANGWENXUEZHIRENFANSANSHINIAN”(《JIUTANGSHU·JUANJIUSHIQI》),“WEIWENJINGZHUANG,ZHANGYUBEIZHI。CHAOTINGDASHUZUO,DUOCHUQISHOU”(XINWENFANG《TANGCAIZICHUAN·JUANYI·ZHANGSHUO》),YUXUGUOGONGSUTINGBINGCHENG“YANXUDASHOUBI”。ZHUYOU《ZHANGYANGONGJI》、《ZHANGSHUOZHIJI》,BEITANGXUANZONGYUWEI“DAOHEZHONGXIAO,WENCHENGDIANLI,DANGCHAOSHIBIAO,YIDAICIZONG”(《QUANTANGWEN·JUANERSHIER·MINGZHANGSHUOJIANZHONGSHULINGZHI》)。

注:本文摘自贾穗南著《宋城怀古》, 部分图片源于网络

标签:人文肇庆沙吧体育平台,端州,唐朝,张说,唐朝开元名相

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